Hay fever, what are the symptoms

Hay fever, what are the symptoms

The hay fever is an allergic rhinitis caused by proteins contained in the pollen of certain plants:

  • wheat and grasses (rye, ryegrass, plantain, corn); the seasons for these pollens are spring and summer
  • trees (hazel, alder, willow, poplar, ash, birch, hornbeam, white hornbeam, black hornbeam, sycamore, oak, beech, chestnut); pollen season runs from January to August
  • herbs (parietaria, mugwort, solidago, ragweed); the pollen season runs from summer to autumn.

People who are allergic to pollen experience various symptoms how:

  • nasal congestion
  • red eyes
  • frequent sneezing
  • Itchy nose and eyes
  • runny nose
  • excessive tearing
  • asthma (in severe cases)

Other related symptoms may be:

  • cough
  • sore throat
  • disturbances in sleep and concentration
  • decreased energy and productivity

The eyes in particular are the most affected: in fact, with hay fever, it is very common for them to water.

It is allergic conjunctivitis (inflammation of the conjunctiva), due to the fact that pollen, being light and small, settles not only in the nose and respiratory tract, but also in the ocular conjunctiva.

However, while the nose and bronchi are protected by mucous membranes, the same is not true for the eyes; specifics can be used under medical advice ophthalmic drops Based on anti-allergic active ingredients.

Special care must therefore be taken by people who wear contact lenses because pollen may be deposited on their very surface.

Also the nose is a part of the body particularly affected by hay fever: you may have nasal congestion, itching, runny nose or the constant urge to sneeze.

As a result of the allergic reaction, it triggers in the body a inflammatory reaction: mucous membranes swell and nose plugs.

In addition, through sneezing, the body attempts to remove pollen through the nose. Again, several are available to alleviate these symptoms nasal sprays.